Explore our FAQ page to dive deeper into the realm of LUKSO and its applications.

What is LUKSO?

LUKSO is a next generation EVM blockchain based on Casper PoS that will revolutionize the way brands, creators and users interact with blockchain technology in the New Creative Economy. LUKSO was founded by Fabian Vogelsteller and Marjorie Hernandez. Fabian is a former Lead DApp Developer at Ethereum and author of ERC20 and web3.js - both of which are the foundation for today's DeFi and NFT protocols. Marjorie Hernandez is an innovation and product expert who previously created and managed EY's Digital Innovation Lab in Berlin.

What are LSPs?

The initial LUKSO Standards Proposals (LSPs) represent the core building blocks of the LUKSO ecosystem. LSPs aim to increase functionality and user-friendliness within the blockchain ecosystem and to standardize identity, asset representation and smart contract interaction.

The core LSPs are extremely extensible, allowing for many new use cases, while simplifying the developer and user experience. These standards are ‘unbiased’ - meaning they are generic enough to enable new use cases that have not yet been conceived.

What is a Universal Profile?

Universal Profiles are interoperable blockchain-based profiles which enable verifiable identities in the digital world. They allow for universal logins that make remembering usernames and passwords a thing of the past, while also giving you full control of all your virtual assets and identity. Universal Profiles simplify the onboarding process to Web3 for users, brands and creators, while also improving accessibility, security and functionality.

Through the LSP6 Key Manager different levels of access methods can be added, including access to dApps and other environments. Universal Profiles also improve security for users on-chain, as they allow users to react to received assets/tokens (eg. reject transfers) via LSP1 Universal Receiver Universal profiles make economic and verifiable interactions possible and are the core building block for the new creative economies.

What are the NFT and token standards on LUKSO?

With LSP8 Identifiable Digital Asset as well as LSP7 Digital Asset NFT and token metadata inputs are very extensible and smart contract readable. The metadata inputs could also be changed over time, allowing NFTs to evolve post-minting. NFTs and tokens on LUKSO can have multiple creators and inform receivers of assets, making complex smart contract automation possible.

What is a transaction relayer?

The LSP6 Key Manager allows for relay transactions, enabling third parties to pay for a user's transaction fees (GAS). Any future transaction relay service can be set to work with Universal Profiles. Since relay services are backend systems that execute users transactions on their behalf, no initial funds are needed for users to use their Universal Profiles. LUKSO will subsidise early adopters by running a public relay service, allowing anyone to interact with the LUKSO blockchain without complexity.

What is the ERC725 standard?

Co-Founder, Fabian Vogelsteller, proposed the ERC725 smart contract standard in 2017 to create a blockchain-based account system. The ERC725 standard is a base for anything that needs to store public and verifiable information about itself as well as a generic standard to execute arbitrary smart contracts. It is also the base of many LSPs, which bring additional functionalities to tokens, NFTs, and is a core standard of Universal Profiles.

ERC725X and Y

Two ERC725 sub-standards for storage and execution allow for flexible and generic smart contracts:

a) ERC725X can call any function of any other smart contract or deploy contracts independently, allowing for token transfers or calling functions on other smart contracts.

b) ERC725Y is a generic key-value storage of information in a smart contract, that can be updated and changed over time.

How is LUKSO more sustainable than other blockchains?

LUKSO is a Proof of Stake (PoS) blockchain. Compared to blockchains that use Proof of Work (PoW), PoS uses 99% less energy, as no competitive hash generation is used to find consensus on the latest canonical block head.

Is LUKSO EVM compatible?

LUKSO is EVM compatible, which means the execution engine is fully compatible with all Ethereum tools and is easy to use by developers familiar with the Ethereum toolchain (web3.js, ethers.js, truffle, etc).

LUKSO is not a competitor to Ethereum, rather, more like a sibling for a different space that is working to bring blockchain technology to millions of new users. We aim to simplify the onboarding process, increase security and allow dApps to be built for a whole new audience.

What is the difference between LYX, LYXe and LYXt?

LYX is the native utility token of the LUKSO blockchain. To be able to participate in securing the network, validators are required to use LYX - individuals and entities who wish to participate as validators are then able to stake it.

LYXe is LYX on the Ethereum blockchain and is the token that was used for the reversible ICO (rICO). Both LYXe and LYX represent the same asset, but on different blockchain networks. A migration bridge is available to migrate LYXe to LYX.

LYXt, or "Test LYX", is the asset used on LUKSO's test network ( L14 ) and holds no monetary value. This is obtainable through the L14 Faucet .

What is a reversible ICO? (rICO)

The Reversible ICO was introduced by LUKSO Co-Founder and former Ethereum Lead DApp Developer, Fabian Vogelsteller. A rICO allows you to reserve tokens and buy them over time without price risk from a smart contract. This allows for fair ICOs that enable a level of trust and security that other ICOs do not give. As tokens are gradually purchased, exposure to the project is predictable and stoppable. LUKSO's rICO, for LYXe, took place between May 2020 and February 2021.